He encounters several perils, but realizing he still possesses hopes and desires,he is content to progress. Along with optimism, Candide acts with ignorance and credulity. After killing the the brotherof Cunegonde, Candide came across two girls chased by two monkeys. Taking pity on the girls,Candide slays the two monkeys, assuming that they were assaulting the girls. His optimismtempted his imagination and caused him to spontaneously react as he perceived the scene.
Immediately he praises his noble act and muses that perhaps his crimes will be pardoned by therescue of the two girls. Being extremely gullible, he felt as if he had already been saved. However he was told he had slayed the sweethearts of the girls, and he regretted this disillusion. If Candide was allowed the luxury of having done a valiant deed, optimism seems like aconvenient tool. Voltaire exploits the weaknesses of conscious optimism in contrast to its truepurpose as unconscious motivation. Often Candide becomes hopeless and drifts along without a destination.
Following hisexpulsion from the castle of Westphalia, he raises his eyes to heaven and extends his hopes there. The anxiety of being seperated from Cunegonde has motivated his optimism. Having no controlover the situation, he depends on the heavens to deliver good things. Voltaire asserts thatoptimism develops from uneasiness. When Cunegonde meets Candide in Portugal, she repeats theact of raising eyes to heaven. Candide visited El Dorado which was the best city of all possible worlds.
A puzzling questionwas why he decided to depart El Dorado where his life was pleasant and at ease. Apparently hefelt he would be better off with Cunegonde. He forfeits the opportunity to settle in El Dorado. Possessing lots of gold, he was tempted to squander his fortune in earthly luxuries and quit hispursuit of Cunegonde.
Instead, Voltaire hinted at none of that and persistently reminds us ofCandide’s determination. He was eager to present his sheep to Cunegonde. Pangloss’s philosophy provides ground for Candide’s optimism. The evil of the world could beovercame by the coexisting goodness of the world. Candide learns to cope with misery by thebelief that a more favorable situation shall follow. In Chapter 30, Pangloss said, “There is aconcatenation of events in this best of all possible worlds: for if you had not been kicked out of amagificent castle.
. . : you would not be here eating preserved citrons and pistachio-nuts. ” Panglossclaims that Candide’s present leisure is the product of all the miseries he’d endured. Voltaireintends Candide to be rewarded for his optimism.
Candide’s optimism throughout the story is thegoodness which triumphs over the evils. Candide’s optimism often leads him to unexpected misfortunes. After each misfortunes, hereflects his hopes and desires without asserting much control over them. These hopes arehowever driven by optimism, and Candide ignores the surrounding evil to progress. At the endgood things do happen to Candide, the product of his optimism.